Le stelle di Planck

Planck stars, di Carlo Rovelli e Francesca Vidotto
(Dated: February 11, 2014)


“A star that collapses gravitationally can reach a further stage of its life, where quantum-gravitational pressure counteracts weight. The duration of this stage is very short in the star proper time, yielding a bounce, but extremely long seen from the outside, because of the huge gravitational time dilation. Since the onset of quantum-gravitational effects is governed by energy density —not by size— the star can be much larger than planckian in this phase. The object emerging at the end of the Hawking evaporation of a black hole can then be larger than planckian by a factor (m/mP )n, where m is the mass fallen into the hole, mP is the Planck mass, and n is positive. We consider arguments for n = 1/3 and for n = 1. There is no causality violation or faster-than-light propagation. The existence of these objects alleviates the black-hole information paradox. More interestingly, these objects could have astrophysical and cosmological interest: they produce a detectable signal, of quantum gravitational origin, around the 10-14 cm wavelength.” (tutto il testo in pdf)